UEFA Coefficients calculation method
UEFA European Cup Football
by Bert Kassies
and details of the calculation method see below.
UEFA coefficients are based on the performance of clubs in the European Cups during a five
year period. During those 5 years match results (2 points for a win and 1 point for a
draw) are awarded from the group stage of CL, EL, and ECL onwards. However, in the
knockout round play-offs after the EL group stage and the ECL group stage and before the
round of 16, match results do count for the country ranking but not for the club ranking.
In addition one bonus point is allocated for reaching the quarter finals (but not for ECL-QF),
the semi finals and the finals. Qualification for the group-stage of the Champions
League is awarded with 4 bonus points, qualification for the round of 16 of the
Champions League is awarded with 5 bonus points, and qualification for the round of 16 of the
Europa League is awarded with 1 bonus point.
Furthermore there are bonus points for the winners and runners-up of the EL and ECL group stages:
4 bonus points for the winners of the EL groups,
2 bonus points for the runners-up of the EL groups,
2 bonus points for the winners of the ECL groups, and
1 bonus point for the runners-up of the ECL groups.
|Bonus points (|
red) and max match points
|Group Stage winner (runner-up)||-|| |
|Round of 16|
|Max total points per club||38||34||30|
Matches in qualifying rounds are awarded with 1 point for a win, and 0.5 point for a draw,
but only for the country coefficient. Clubs that are eliminated in qualifying rounds of the
Europa Conference League are rewarded with a number of points for the club coefficient
based on the reached (qualifying) round.
UEFA Country Ranking
For the calculation of the country ranking, points in qualification matches are halved:
one point for a win and half a point for a draw.
The so-called UEFA coefficients are calculated by taking an average, based on the total
number of points divided by the total number of clubs of each country.
See the country coefficients of 2020 for an
example of such a calculation.
The UEFA country ranking is computed by the sum of 5 coefficients in the last 5 years.
See the country ranking of 2020 for an example
of such a ranking list.
To determine the participants in UEFA European club football last year's country ranking
is used, because each country should know at the start of the season how many places it
If countries (or clubs) have the same amount of points then the ranking is determined by
the most recent season in which the yearly coefficients differ.
UEFA Club Ranking
The most recent club ranking is used for seeding of clubs for draws in the Champions
League and the Europa League. For the club ranking match results in qualifying rounds do
not count, but clubs get qualifying points in case they don't qualify for the group stage.
Clubs that are eliminated in qualifying rounds and play-offs of the Europa Conference
League are rewarded with a number of points based on the reached (qualifying) round:
|Qualifying points Europa Conference League|
|Qualifying points EL and ECL group stages|
These qualification points are not cumulative. The group stage of the Champions League is
already rewarded with bonus points (see above). The points for the group stages of the
Europa League and the Europa Conference League are a minimum and will not be added to the
match points obtained during the group stage. So, all participating clubs get at least
some bonus points, qualification points, or match points.
Since 2018 the UEFA club ranking is computed by the sum of club points in the
last 5 years, with a minimum of 20% of the country ranking. For the distribution
of revenue there is also a 10-year ranking that includes historic title points:
|Last 5 years||12||3|
History of the calculation of the UEFA Coeffcients
In 2021 the introduction of the Europa Conference League led to changes in the
distribution of bonus points and qualification points.
Before 2021 there were no bonus points for the qualification for the round of 16 of the
Europa League, and also not for the winners and runners-up of the EL group stages.
From 2004-2009 qualification for the group-stage of the Champions League was awarded with
3 bonus points, from 1995-2004 with 1 bonus point, and before 1995 with 2 bonus points.
From 2004-2009 qualification for the round of 16 of the Champions League was awarded with
1 bonus point, and before 2004 no bonus points were awarded.
Before 1999 the usual two points for a win and one point for a draw were also
used in qualifying rounds.
From 2018 till 2021 qualifying rounds and play-offs of the Champions League were no longer
rewarded with points because all eliminated clubs got a second chance in the Europa
League. Clubs that were eliminated in the first rounds of the Europa League were rewarded
with a number of points based on the reached (qualifying) round:
|group stage||3.00 (minimum)|
From 2009 till 2018 the qualification for the Champions League and the Europa League was
rewarded with a number of points based on the reached qualifying round. The 3rd and 4th
qualifying round of the Champions League were not rewarded with points because losing
clubs qualifed for the next stage in the Europa League.
|2009-2018||Champions League||Europa League|
|group stage||-||2.00 (minimum)|
Before 2018 the UEFA club coefficients were calculated as the sum of the
number of points of each individual club, and 20% of the country coefficient.
From 2004-2008 the contribution of the country coefficient was 33%,
and before 2004 the contribution of the country coefficient was 50%.
The UEFA club ranking was then computed by the sum of 5 coefficients in the
last 5 years.
Before 1999 a number of strong clubs in the UEFA Cup were seeded
such that those clubs did not meet in the first two rounds.
To determine these clubs,
the sum of the ratio of the number of points achieved, divided by
the number of games played by each club, was calculated for the past
2020 - COVID-19 special rules
Due to the coronavirus European football was interrupted in March 2020, and was
resumed in August 2020 with mostly one-sided legs at neutral ground. Also the
qualifying matches of the 2020/21 season (except the play-off round of the
Champions league) were played as single-leg matches where a draw determined
the home playing club.
For these single-leg matches the calculation of coefficients were adapted as
- 3 points for a win in regular time or extra time (1.5 points for qualifying
and play-off matches),
- 2 points for a draw in extra time (1 point for qualifying and play-off
- 1 point for a defeat in regular time or extra time (0.5 points for qualifying
and play-off matches).
Details of the calculation of the UEFA Coeffcients
Definition of terms.
nclubs = number of clubs per country,
tpoints = number of points per club (club coefficient method),
tmatches = number of matches per club, and
cpoints = number of points per country (country coefficient method).
ccoef = country coefficient per year,
crank = country ranking over 5 years,
tcoef = club coefficient per year, and
trank = club ranking over 5 years.
1. Country Coefficients and Country Ranking
ccoef = rounddown(cpoints/nclubs, 3)
crank = sum(ccoef);
2. Club Coefficients and Club Ranking
trank = max ( tpoints, rounddown( crank / 5 , 3) )
10-year trank = max ( tpoints + title points, rounddown( 10year-crank / 5 , 3) )
tcoef = 0.20 * rounddown(cpoints/nclubs, 3) + tpoints = ccoef / 5 + tpoints
trank = rounddown(sum(tcoef) , 3)
from 2004 until 2008:
tcoef = 0.5 * rounddown( 0.33 * (2*cpoints/nclubs), 3) + tpoints
trank = rounddown(sum(tcoef) , 3)
from 1999 until 2003:
tcoef = 0.5 * rounddown( 0.50 * (2*cpoints/nclubs), 3) + tpoints
trank = rounddown(sum(tcoef) , 3)
tcoef = rounddown(tpoints/tmatches, 3)
trank = sum(tcoef)
sum = sum over 5 years, and
rounddown(..., 3) = truncation to 3 significant digits after the decimal point.
|ECL||=||Europa Conference League|
|KO||=||Knockout round play-offs after EL and ECL group stage|
|R16||=||Round of 16|
|PO||=||Play-off Round before the group stage|