UEFA coefficients are based on the performance of clubs in the European Cups during a five year period. During those 5 years match results (2 points for a win and 1 point for a draw) are awarded from the group stage of CL, EL, and ECL onwards. However, in the knockout round play-offs after the EL group stage and the ECL group stage and before the round of 16, match results do count for the country ranking but not for the club ranking.
In addition one bonus point is allocated for reaching the quarter finals (but not for ECL-QF), the semi finals and the finals. Qualification for the group-stage of the Champions League is awarded with 4 bonus points, qualification for the round of 16 of the Champions League is awarded with 5 bonus points, and qualification for the round of 16 of the Europa League is awarded with 1 bonus point.
Furthermore there are bonus points for the winners and runners-up of the EL and ECL group stages: 4 bonus points for the winners of the EL groups, 2 bonus points for the runners-up of the EL groups, 2 bonus points for the winners of the ECL groups, and 1 bonus point for the runners-up of the ECL groups.
|Bonus points (|
red) and max match points
|Group Stage winner (runner-up)||-|| |
|Round of 16|
|Max total points per club||38||34||30|
Matches in qualifying rounds are awarded with 1 point for a win, and 0.5 point for a draw, but only for the country coefficient. Clubs that are eliminated in qualifying rounds of the Europa Conference League are rewarded with a number of points for the club coefficient based on the reached (qualifying) round.
The so-called UEFA coefficients are calculated by taking an average, based on the total number of points divided by the total number of clubs of each country. See the country coefficients of 2020 for an example of such a calculation.
The UEFA country ranking is computed by the sum of 5 coefficients in the last 5 years. See the country ranking of 2020 for an example of such a ranking list. To determine the participants in UEFA European club football last year's country ranking is used, because each country should know at the start of the season how many places it disposes. If countries (or clubs) have the same amount of points then the ranking is determined by the most recent season in which the yearly coefficients differ.
|Qualifying points Europa Conference League|
|Qualifying points EL and ECL group stages|
These qualification points are not cumulative. The group stage of the Champions League is already rewarded with bonus points (see above). The points for the group stages of the Europa League and the Europa Conference League are a minimum and will not be added to the match points obtained during the group stage. So, all participating clubs get at least some bonus points, qualification points, or match points.
|Last 5 years||12||3|
|group stage||3.00 (minimum)|
|2009-2018||Champions League||Europa League|
|group stage||-||2.00 (minimum)|
Before 2018 the UEFA club coefficients were calculated as the sum of the number of points of each individual club, and 20% of the country coefficient. From 2004-2008 the contribution of the country coefficient was 33%, and before 2004 the contribution of the country coefficient was 50%. The UEFA club ranking was then computed by the sum of 5 coefficients in the last 5 years.
Before 1999 a number of strong clubs in the UEFA Cup were seeded such that those clubs did not meet in the first two rounds. To determine these clubs, the sum of the ratio of the number of points achieved, divided by the number of games played by each club, was calculated for the past five years.
For these single-leg matches the calculation of coefficients were adapted as
- 3 points for a win in regular time or extra time (1.5 points for qualifying and play-off matches),
- 2 points for a draw in extra time (1 point for qualifying and play-off matches),
- 1 point for a defeat in regular time or extra time (0.5 points for qualifying and play-off matches).
nclubs = number of clubs per country, tpoints = number of points per club (club coefficient method), tmatches = number of matches per club, and cpoints = number of points per country (country coefficient method). ccoef = country coefficient per year, crank = country ranking over 5 years, tcoef = club coefficient per year, and trank = club ranking over 5 years.
ccoef = rounddown(cpoints/nclubs, 3) crank = sum(ccoef);
trank = max ( tpoints, rounddown( crank / 5 , 3) ) 10-year trank = max ( tpoints + title points, rounddown( 10year-crank / 5 , 3) )
tcoef = 0.20 * rounddown(cpoints/nclubs, 3) + tpoints = ccoef / 5 + tpoints trank = rounddown(sum(tcoef) , 3)
tcoef = 0.5 * rounddown( 0.33 * (2*cpoints/nclubs), 3) + tpoints trank = rounddown(sum(tcoef) , 3)
tcoef = 0.5 * rounddown( 0.50 * (2*cpoints/nclubs), 3) + tpoints trank = rounddown(sum(tcoef) , 3)
tcoef = rounddown(tpoints/tmatches, 3) trank = sum(tcoef)
sum = sum over 5 years, and
rounddown(..., 3) = truncation to 3 significant digits after the decimal point.
|ECL||=||Europa Conference League|
|KO||=||Knockout round play-offs after EL and ECL group stage|
|R16||=||Round of 16|
|PO||=||Play-off Round before the group stage|